If you grew up in the rural areas or you used to visit the rural areas during school holidays you will agree with me that this is the most common implement you find in almost every homestead. Farming was made easy back in the late 1930s when a group of Czechoslovakian refugees established a manufacturing plant for tillage equipment in the country’s second biggest city of Bulawayo.
Did you know that the plough has 4 major component assemblies?
1. The wheel Arm assembly
The plough is fitted with a wheel which helps you in the following aspects
- Controlling and stabilising the plough
- Maintaining the set depth of the plough
- Depth control (which works hand in hand with the hitch assembly)
The main features of this assembly are the wheel arms, u clamp and the wheel.
2. The plough bottom Assembly
This is the most important part of a plough and this is the part that penetrates the ground and tills the land. The most common features of this assembly are the mouldboard (dishi, icitha) , share (muromo/isikali/umlomo), frog (chitende /ibhodo) and landsides (rushaya/umhlathi). After all adjustments have been made, this assembly gives a balance to the plough, it does not tilt over during use or when stationery, it therefore does an even tillage throughout the land due to its steadiness.
3. The hitch assembly
This assembly is essentially designed to adjust for depth and width of the plough. This works in conjunction with the Wheel Arm Assembly. This is where you hook the chain for draught power as well. The main features of this assembly are the draw bar, regulator and the adjusting bar holder.
4. The handle – beam assembly
This is the main frame of the plough which gives it that sturdy appearance and is connected to all the assemblies one way or the other. This is where you control the plough during use. The main features here are the handles, spreader bar, cross brace, stays as well as the beam.